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Ant-Based Balancing Energy Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Ji-Peng Zhou,
Jian-Zhu Lu,
Jin Li,


Ant colony optimization (ACO) routing algorithm is one of adaptive and efficient algorithms for mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). In wireless ad hoc networks, energy utilization is perhaps the most important issue, routing is very much energy-constrained. In this paper, an ant-based energy efficient routing protocol (AEERP) is proposed in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). In AEERP routing protocol, the route choice is dependent on not only hops between nodes, but also the energy consumed in transmitting packets and the residual energy of nodes to increase the battery lifetime of the nodes by reducing the repetitive use of a selection of these nodes. Simulation results show that AEERP can balance the energy consumption of nodes in the network and extends the network lifetime. AEERP has better performance than AntHocNet and MMBCR in balanced energy use and network lifetime.


Mobile ad hoc network; Routing protocols; Ant colony optimization; Energy efficiency

Citation Format:
Ji-Peng Zhou, Jian-Zhu Lu, Jin Li, "Ant-Based Balancing Energy Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," Journal of Internet Technology, vol. 14, no. 5 , pp. 835-842, Sep. 2013.

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