Anomaly Detection of Dam Monitoring Data based on Improved Spectral Clustering

Lixia Ji,
Xiao Zhang,
Yao Zhao,
Zongkun Li,


In response to the abnormal data mining in dam safety monitoring, and based on the traditional spectral clustering, this paper presents an anomaly detection method based on improved spectral clustering. This method applies a distance and density adaptive similarity measure. The natural eigenvalue is introduced to adaptively select the neighbors of data points, and the similarity is redefined to be combined with the natural k-nearest neighbor. Furthermore, the shared neighbor is introduced to adjust the similarity between the monitoring data samples according to the regional density. Moreover, considering the distribution of dam monitoring data, the initialization of clustering centers is optimized according to both the density and distance feature. This method can prevent the algorithm from local optimum, better adapt to the density of non-convex dataset, reduce the number of iterations, and enhance the efficiencies of clustering and anomaly detection. Taking the dam slab monitoring data as the research object, experimental datasets are formed. Experiments on these datasets further verify that the method of this paper can effectively adapt to discrete distribution datasets and is superior to the classical spectral clustering method in both clustering and anomaly detection.


Anomaly detection, Dam, Spectral clustering, Natural eigenvalue, Shared neighbor

Citation Format:
Lixia Ji, Xiao Zhang, Yao Zhao, Zongkun Li, "Anomaly Detection of Dam Monitoring Data based on Improved Spectral Clustering," Journal of Internet Technology, vol. 23, no. 4 , pp. 749-759, Jul. 2022.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Published by Executive Committee, Taiwan Academic Network, Ministry of Education, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C
JIT Editorial Office, Office of Library and Information Services, National Dong Hwa University
No. 1, Sec. 2, Da Hsueh Rd., Shoufeng, Hualien 974301, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Tel: +886-3-931-7314  E-mail: